What Is The Difference Between Shortboards And Longboards?

So you’ve decided to take up surfing, but now you’re faced with the big question – what’s the difference between shortboards and longboards? Well, fear not! In this article, we’ll explore the key distinctions between these two types of surfboards, helping you make an informed choice for your next wave-riding adventure. Whether you prefer the speed and maneuverability of a shortboard or the stability and ease of a longboard, we’ve got you covered. So grab your board shorts, wax up your board, and get ready to ride the waves like a pro. Let’s dive in!


Shortboard Dimensions

Shortboards are typically shorter in length, ranging from around 5 to 7 feet. They have a narrower width, usually between 17 and 20 inches, and tend to be thinner in thickness compared to longboards. These compact dimensions make shortboards highly maneuverable and responsive in the water.

Longboard Dimensions

Longboards, on the other hand, are characterized by their longer length, typically ranging from 8 to 12 feet. They have a wider width, usually between 20 and 24 inches, and are thicker in depth. The increased length and volume of longboards provide better stability, buoyancy, and paddle power compared to shortboards.


Shortboard Shape

Shortboards are designed with a more streamlined and tapered shape to enhance their performance in critical maneuvers. The nose of a shortboard is usually pointed, facilitating better maneuverability and easier entry into steep waves. The tail of a shortboard can come in various shapes, including squash, round pin, or swallowtail, each offering different benefits for specific wave conditions and riding styles.

Longboard Shape

Longboards have a more rounded shape from nose to tail, with a wider midsection and rounded rails. This shape provides greater stability and control, making longboards more suitable for cruising, noseriding, and performing graceful turns. The rounded nose of a longboard allows for smoother entry into the wave, while the wider tail provides better balance and weight distribution.


Shortboard Length

Shortboards are typically shorter in length, ranging from around 5 to 7 feet. The shorter length allows for quick turns and tighter maneuverability, making them ideal for more experienced surfers who prefer aggressive maneuvers and riding in smaller waves. Shorter length also offers greater control, allowing surfers to react quickly to changing wave conditions.

Longboard Length

Longboards are considerably longer than shortboards, typically ranging from 8 to 12 feet in length. The increased length provides better stability and paddle power, making longboards ideal for beginners or surfers who prefer a more relaxed and gliding style of surfing. The larger surface area of longboards allows for easier wave catching and extended rides even in slower and smaller waves.


Shortboard Width

Shortboards have a narrower width, usually between 17 and 20 inches. The narrower width offers less stability but increased maneuverability. The reduced width allows surfers to easily transition from edge to edge, facilitating quick turns and radical maneuvers on the face of the wave.

Longboard Width

Longboards have a wider width, typically between 20 and 24 inches. The increased width provides greater stability and balance, especially for beginners or surfers who prefer cruising and nose riding. The wider surface area also enhances buoyancy and paddle power, allowing surfers to catch waves earlier and maintain stability during slower sections of the wave.


Shortboard Weight

Shortboards are generally lighter in weight compared to longboards. The reduced weight makes them easier to maneuver and perform aerial tricks with greater agility. The lighter weight of shortboards allows for quicker acceleration and responsiveness on the face of the wave, enabling high-performance surfing in more powerful waves.

Longboard Weight

Longboards tend to be heavier than shortboards due to their larger size and added volume. The increased weight provides better stability and control, especially in choppy or windy conditions. The heavier weight of longboards allows for smoother gliding and increased momentum, making them well-suited for cruising and catching smaller waves.


Shortboard Maneuverability

Shortboards are known for their exceptional maneuverability, allowing surfers to perform quick turns, vertical snaps, and aerial maneuvers more easily. The compact size, narrow width, and lightweight design of shortboards make them highly responsive to the rider’s movements, enabling precise control and rapid changes in direction.

Longboard Maneuverability

Longboards, although not as maneuverable as shortboards, still offer a certain level of maneuverability. While their larger size and increased volume can limit their ability to perform radical maneuvers, longboards excel in flowing and smooth turns, cross-stepping, and noseriding. Their stability and momentum allow for graceful, sweeping turns and extended rides along the wave face.


Shortboard Stability

Shortboards have less inherent stability compared to longboards, primarily due to their smaller size and narrower width. However, the reduced stability is compensated by their increased maneuverability and responsiveness. Experienced surfers are often able to maintain stability on shortboards by adopting proper technique and utilizing their agility to ride challenging waves with precision.

Longboard Stability

Longboards offer superior stability compared to shortboards. The wider width, larger volume, and increased buoyancy of longboards provide a stable platform for surfers, making it easier to maintain balance and control. This stability is particularly advantageous for beginners or surfers who prefer a more relaxed and cruising style of surfing.

Wave Conditions

Shortboard Wave Conditions

Shortboards are designed to excel in more powerful and hollow waves. Their narrow dimensions, reduced surface area, and increased maneuverability allow surfers to take advantage of steep drops, critical sections, and fast-breaking waves. Shortboards are often the preferred choice for experienced surfers in conditions where precise and aggressive maneuvers are necessary.

Longboard Wave Conditions

Longboards shine in smaller, slower waves. Their larger size, increased buoyancy, and superior stability make them ideal for catching and riding smaller waves that lack power. Longboards are particularly well-suited for beginners or surfers who are looking to enjoy long, leisurely rides on smaller, mellower waves. Their glide and cruising capabilities allow for a relaxed and enjoyable experience in a wider range of wave conditions.

Experience Level

Shortboard Experience Level

Shortboards are generally recommended for more experienced surfers who have refined their technique and are comfortable riding in challenging wave conditions. The maneuverability and responsiveness of shortboards require a higher level of skill, balance, and wave knowledge to fully exploit their potential. Beginners are advised to start with longer, more stable boards before transitioning to a shortboard.

Longboard Experience Level

Longboards are suitable for all experience levels, from beginners to advanced surfers. The stability, buoyancy, and forgiveness of longboards make them an ideal choice for novices who are still learning the fundamentals of surfing. Longboards are also popular among experienced surfers who appreciate the relaxed and stylish approach that these boards offer.

Styles of Riding

Shortboard Styles of Riding

Shortboards are primarily associated with high-performance surfing, emphasizing dynamic maneuvers and progressive tricks. Surfers riding shortboards often focus on vertical, radical turns, big aerials, and barrel riding. The maneuverability and agility of shortboards allow for quick adaptations to the ever-changing nature of the wave, enabling surfers to push their limits and explore new possibilities in the sport.

Longboard Styles of Riding

Longboards are versatile and encompass a variety of different riding styles. From traditional longboarding that emphasizes smooth, flowing turns and classic noseriding techniques to modern longboarding that incorporates more progressive maneuvers and tricks, longboard styles offer a wide range of expression. Longboarders often prioritize style, grace, and maintaining a connection with the wave, showcasing a more relaxed and soulful approach to surfing.